With a landscape consisting of steep ravines, the bulk of the population of Adra is concentrated in the coastal strip. If you want to know more about the old Abdera, we recommend that you make the following visits:
The first expansion of the church dates from 1599, when net fishing and cane sugar cultivation became popular in the area. The second modification was carried out after a Berber attack in 1620. In the18th century the church was demolished and the three current towers were built, and in the 19th century, the chamber of the Immaculate Conception was built by the new owner of the holy temple.
The main part of the chapel was expanded in the eighteenth century, during the ship building period, and the work preserved numerous Roman tombstones, both authentic and false, along with engraved prints of the city walls. These were attributed in 1794 to the Apostle Santiago, along with those that were inscribed with Latin texts.
Church of Our Lady of the Anguishes
The reconstruction at that time was to restore the fire damage caused by Moorish attacks in 1570, and in 1738 it was then dedicated to Our Lady of the Anguishes.
The walled enclosure of Adra
Its function was to defend the coast after the conquest of the Kingdom of Granada by the Catholic Monarchs. It then became the object of numerous attacks by Berber and Turkish pirates during the 16th and 17th centuries. The urban expansion of the town means that in the middle of the 19th century, most of the wall was demolished.
Access is through a door-window that leads to a staircase, then on to its interior, while on the outside it is surrounded at the base with a buttress through which you enter the historical structure.
Anti-aircraft shelters of the Civil War
These were built under the Old Square
in a gallery excavated in the slate rock and were constructed in the form of a U shape, with two entrances. For the first few metres, the tunnel was lower and more narrow, to minimise the risk of shock waves and shrapnel reaching the refugees in an explosion.
The population stopped going to them because of poor hygiene and overcrowding fears.
St. Andres lead smelting factory
In 1837 Manuel Agustin Heredia, a metallurgical entrepreneur, acquired the complex due to a fall in the price of lead. He introduced the most advanced technology to the operation and expanded production with bullets, lead, aluminium and the subsequent processing of silver.
At present, the Perdigones Tower, the Fabriquilla del Vinagre, part of the smoke condensation chamber and the Smoke Tower are preserved.
The factory was in operation until 1973, when it was closed due to a shortage of sugar cane in the area and a lack of beet supplies. Thirteen years later in 1986, the roof of the central nave collapsed and part of the main façade fell in.
In 2003, the Municipal Corporation approved a restoration of the factory and the Alcoholera building to set up a business centre, together with the "Jose Oliva IV" Workshop School.
The definitive configuration of the public space was finalised in the year 1884 after the purchase of several lots that have a boundary at the Natalio Rivas Carrera in its southern part. The square has been adopted by the City Council since 1937.
The square was a political, religious and military centre, which is evidenced by its buildings and architecture. The Town Hall was located there until 1937, as were the castle and the hermitage of Santa Lucia.
In 1930 it was officially named Plaza del Maestro Angel Ortiz de Villajos Cano, in honour of this pioneer composer from Charleston in Spain. He was born in Adra, and is renowned for being involved in the revival of Andalusian music.
The "Montecristo Hill" archaeological site
Later, in the 1970s, house structures of Punic origin dated from the 4th century B.C. were found there. Also, many other artefacts from the Roman period were uncovered during an exploration in 1970 that was directed by the archaeologist Fernandez Miranda. Another discovery made in 1986, guided by Angel Suarez, found tools and structures of Punic origin.
On the ground floor, the museum houses temporary exhibitions, a room with traditional and avant-garde Spanish and Almerian art works, traditionalist and orientalist paintings, a copy of Velazquez by Miguel Pineda, and a representation of the historical avant-garde era with works by Pablo Picasso, Rafael Alberti, Antonio Saura and Federico Castellon.
Known as the Mill of the Villa, Montecristo or The Place, it suffered the effects of a flood in 1762, and in the 19th century, it was destroyed by another flood. For this reason, the ruler of Motril and his wife: Agustin Moreno and Manuela del Trell, built the current mill to protect it from floods and its construction began in 1814.
However, it could not be used until 1817 since Moreno's brother, Pedro Angel de Trell, filed a lawsuit against his brother alleging that the ditch and the arch through which the waters passed were erected on his property. This was later resolved through a friendly agreement.
Fisheries Interpretation Centre
Other rooms show the evolution of traditional rowing and sailing fishing boats from the Phoenician period, and the current “traiña” artisanal fishing, as well as the commercial endeavours that support Abdera, with fishing activity being the main economic activity: mainly the salting factories. These industries were extended during the Byzantine, Visigoth, and Arab periods, and through to modern times.
In addition, there is a space reserved for the patroness saint of the sailors of Adra: the Virgin of the Sea, and also the patroness saint of all sailors: the Virgin of Carmen, installed by the Fishermen's Association in 1959.
Species to be found here include the coot and the brown jalopy, which in spring are welcomed by the vegetation of the area which is composed of reed beds.