The Almanzora Valley is the “Land of Marble”, where one of the most precious products in the world is extracted for its quality and special beauty. Marble has played a key role in establishing the culture and way of life of Almeria. The municipality of Macael
is the largest marble producer in Spain and the second largest in the world, where it has been used since ancient times.
All the conflicts between the Moorish and Christians negatively affected the activity of marble. It was the Christian repopulation that revived the exploitation of the stone, and once in the hands of the settlers they took on the job without restrictions.
The marble industry finished taking off in 1895 when the operation of the Almanzora railway started. This allowed for products to be distributed all throughout Spain and broke borders when reaching other European countries.
All these quarries are very close to each other store different types of marble that are classified according to their color. It is a "Macael" registered trademark that consists of the following varieties:
- Macael white marble: coarse and hard grain used in construction, sculptures, tombs, sinks and crafts, among others.
- Macael Rio white marble: medium grain of white and light gray with great hardness.
- Macael Marbled River white marble: medium grain with white background and gray vein.
- Macael gray marble: slightly darker than Macael white marble and with lighter veins than Macael Anasol marble.
- Macael yellow marble: uniform light yellow with dark yellow and green veins.
- Macael Anasol marble: contains thin layers and veins of various colors, this cipolinic marble is one of the most famous in the world.
- Macael green marble: irregular texture and green color.
Visitors have the opportunity to enter the quarries thanks to the Path of Marble
, a 4.6 km route without major difficulties. This road crosses the heart of the marble industry and it is possible to observe the landscape of the Almanzora Valley and the transformation that the territory has had.
Between this viewpoint and the Canteras Viewpoint, there are rocks covered with Hematite where iron is extracted. At the end of the trail, you will arrive at the other viewpoint where you can enjoy the view of the distant quarries, along with impressive landscapes of the Almanzora Valley and the Sierra de las Estancias.