Valle del Almanzora - History


The Almanzora Valley is a region belonging to the province of Almeria, which owes its name to the fact that the 27 municipalities that make it up are located on both banks of the Almanzora river. It covers an area of 1,406 km², characterized by the diversity of cultures and civilizations that have developed between the Sierra de las Estancias and Sierra de los Filabres.

Along the valley, there is wide vegetation that turns it into a natural lung, where there are almonds and orange trees, as well as protected animal species, such as the wild boar, fox, badger, wildcat, and many others.

The 27 municipalities that make it up are: Albanchez, Albox, Alcontar, Arboleas, Armuña de Almanzora, Bacares, Bayarque, Cantoria, Chercos, Cobdar, Fines, Laroya, Lijar, Lucar, Macael, Olula del Rio, Oria, Partaloa, Purchena, Seron, Sierro, Somontin, Sufli, Taberno, Tijola, Urracal and Zurgena.

The Almanzora Valley reaches the north with the Los Velez region, then goes to the south with Filabres-Tabernas region, then to the east with the Levante Almeriense region and finally, to the west with Baza, a town of Granada.
Purchena (Almeria)
It highlights, for example, the Nasrid era, which is looked at with much with respect due to the development of architecture and cultural traditions that are still observed in the municipalities. From this period, a rich architectural heritage is conserved, which are represented in constructions and archaeological remains.

When the reconquest took place on part of the Catholic Kings, a repopulation process was carried out by Spanish citizens to replace the Muslims who dominated the territory. This forced Moorish and Christians to lead a common life, which promoted values of tolerance and respect.

Later, in 1568, the uprising of the Moorish took place, generating a cruel civil war that prompted the definitive expulsion of these inhabitants from the Spanish territory in 1622. Despite this, it was not possible to erase the Muslim mark that was marked on the Almanzora Valley region.

Highlights include mining, wine and olive production, almond cultivation, and handling livestock – among severl others. From its industrial tradition, it has been possible to create a very particular identity, which is reflected in the history, culture and ways of life of the different localities, which also enjoy a great tourist interest.

A point of interest is in the crafts activities of the region, which shows off heritage of the different Mediterranean civilizations that have settled there. Since ancient times, the exploitation and processing of marble has progressed to be among the best in the world.

With a notable variety in craftsmanship, the marble of the region has helped build important buildings like the Monastery of El Escorial in Madrid, the Mosque of Cordoba and the Alhambra in Granada.

Additionally, in some municipalities of the region, pottery and wood crafts have been practiced for several centuries. Another traditional trade is working with esparto grass. All these activities have served to produce a wide variety of items that can be purchased throughout the region.
Tijola (Almeria)
In addition to the various protected animal species that make up the fauna of the region, the Almanzora Valley is characterized by serving as a passageway for migratory birds.